• A Research on the Structure of Metaphor and its Application: Focused on the Health Insurance Policy in the U.S.

    은유의 구조와 활용연구: 미국의 건강보험정책을 중심으로

    Kim, Hyun Hyo

    김현효

    Conceptual metaphor theory assumes that metaphors are deeply related to our thoughts. The purpose of the paper is to show how metaphors ... + READ MORE
    Conceptual metaphor theory assumes that metaphors are deeply related to our thoughts. The purpose of the paper is to show how metaphors frame and reflect the way we think about the healthcare system in the U.S. For conservatives, health insurance is considered as a product and citizens are regarded as consumers in the medical market. However, Obama introduced a new source domain, public service, to understand the target domain, the health insurance in ACA (Obamacare). There are differences in the health insurance metaphors reflecting the two different frames, a product or a public service. Conceptual metaphors are collected to show the different perspectives. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • Research Trends in Integrative English Language Education

    통합 영어교육 연구동향

    Noh, Suk-Won

    노숙원

    This study aims to investigate current research trends in integrative English education at elementary, middle school and university levels in Korea focused ... + READ MORE
    This study aims to investigate current research trends in integrative English education at elementary, middle school and university levels in Korea focused on content- and language-driven instruction. For the purpose of this paper, studies published from 2000 to October 2018 were located through the Research Information Sharing Service of Korea, a total of 69 studies were selected. Data were collected on the number of studies published per year, research methods, content- and language-driven instruction, and integrative models of instruction. Subsequently, the collected data were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The results indicate that integrative English education in Korea is more interested in language-driven instruction than in content-driven instruction on the basis of the objective of English education, English or Korean language as a medium of class, and language or content as the subjects of evaluation. The analysis implies that a curriculum that integrates different subjects or themes and language skills needs to be systematically designed for successful integrative language education. Recommendations were also made for future research. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • The Nominative Case Markers –i/ka and Marking Topic in Korean

    한국어 주격 표지 ‘-이/가’와 화제의 표시

    Lee, Jong Kun

    이종근

    Previous studies on Korean Case markers (e.g. Schutze, 2001; Hong, 2017) observe that nominal phrases bearing the Case markers ‘-i/ka ... + READ MORE
    Previous studies on Korean Case markers (e.g. Schutze, 2001; Hong, 2017) observe that nominal phrases bearing the Case markers ‘-i/ka’ can appear as topics in Korean sentences. However, there has been no discussion about exactly when this is possible. The purpose of this study is to investigate the conditions under which the nominative Case markers ‘-i/ka’ in Korean can be attached to nominal phrases which are used as the topic of a sentence. The present work argues that the nominative Case markers ‘-i/ka’ can be attached to topic nominal phrases when the nominal phrase is a ratified topic in the sense of Lambrecht and Michaelis (1998). When the topic appears in a sentence as a ratified topic, it cannot allow the regular topic markers ‘-un/nun’ because the main function of the regular topic markers ‘-un/nun’ is topic/frame introduction. According to Kim (2015), ‘topic/frame introduction’ indicates “an act of proposing a new topic/frame into the discourse for the purpose of either beginning a discourse or shifting/contrasting an existing topic/frame.” The present work also argues that another reason why the topic markers ‘-un/nun’ cannot appear after some nominal phrases is that bare nouns bearing the topic markers ‘-un/nun’ in Korean (e.g. haksayng-un ‘student-TOP’) at the beginning of a sentence generally has a generic interpretation. When a bare noun necessitates a specific interpretation rather than a generic interpretation, the topic markers ‘-un/nun’ cannot occur. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • Analysis of Errors on ‘Substantives + Predicate’ Type Collocation by Chinese Learners of Korean Language

    중국인 한국어 학습자의 ‘체언+용언’ 형 연어 오류 양상에 대한 연구

    Lin, Jian-Dong, Kim, Eun-Ho

    임건동, 김은호

    Systematic and in-depth analyses of Chinese Korean language learners' lexical errors in general and of collocation errors, in particular, are relatively rare ... + READ MORE
    Systematic and in-depth analyses of Chinese Korean language learners' lexical errors in general and of collocation errors, in particular, are relatively rare. This study presents empirical data verifying the theoretic assertions that Chinese learners of Korean language produce 'unnatural' word combinations. In this paper, the authors used a more comprehensive error taxonomy based on previous studies to analyze Chinese learners’ use of Korean collocations. The analysis revealed that the identified sources of errors were mainly from L2’s inherent difficulty rather than first language (L1) transfer. The findings from the Chinese learners’ errors in the use of Korean collocations have implications for L2 vocabulary teaching and learning, which should be of interest to the wider Korean as a Second Language (KSL)/Korean as a Foreign Language (KFL) contexts. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • An Analysis of Textuality in Hospitality English

    호텔 ․ 관광영어의 텍스트성 분석

    Han, Chun-Young

    한천영

    Language is communicated through discourse which consists of texts between a speaker and a hearer (receiver). Linguists have defined a text as ... + READ MORE
    Language is communicated through discourse which consists of texts between a speaker and a hearer (receiver). Linguists have defined a text as the unit beyond a sentence. A text can be described in terms of textuality which identifies the properties and characteristics of a text. This paper aims to describe textuality which is uttered in hospitality English on the basis of seven criteria (cohesion, coherence, intentionality, acceptability, informativity, situationality, and intertextuality) suggested by Beaugrande and Dressler(1981). This paper shows all seven kinds of the textuality mentioned above are used in hospitality English discourse. We furthermore suggest that the seven criteria of textuality must be taught to the learners in the hospitality English. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • Gender Effect on /l/-darkening in American English
    Ahn, Miyeon
    American English lateral /l/s often become dark depending on their phonological conditions (Catford,1977, 1992). When they appear in a word-final ... + READ MORE
    American English lateral /l/s often become dark depending on their phonological conditions (Catford,1977, 1992). When they appear in a word-final position, for instance, the lateral approximant /l/s are realized as being darker than the ones in the word-initial. The degree of darkness depends on various factors amongst which the regional (Ladefoged and Maddieson, 1996) and syntactic (Bermúdez-Otero,2007) factors have been previously suggested. Sociophonetic factors of the variants that are possibly relevant to the degree of darkness, however, has been less explored. The current study is designed to examine the phonetic properties of /l/ with respect to one of the sociolinguistic factors in terms of gender effects. In order to investigate the gradient and dynamic properties of laterals in male and female speeches, both male and female speakers were requested to produce various types of English /l/s. Laterals were placed in the form of CV1(C)CV2L words and both male and female speakers were asked to read the words. The experiment result showed that female speakers’ /l/s were significantly darker than those of males’, which suggests that the allophonic realization of female speakers is more likely to be close to the so-called ‘standard’ of the language group. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • The Three-way Contrast of Conversational Korean Stops
    Sung, Jae-Hyun, Kim, Jin-hyung
    Conversational speech has received considerable attention in recent years, but many instrumental studies have focused on heavily resourced languages and the phonetic ... + READ MORE
    Conversational speech has received considerable attention in recent years, but many instrumental studies have focused on heavily resourced languages and the phonetic reduction in conversation. In order to diversify and expand on conversational speech research, this study examines the unique system of stop contrast in Korean and the acoustic cues in spontaneous phone conversations. The study investigates some key acoustic properties of intervocalic Korean stops in casual speech, adding to the growing body of research on conversational speech. Korean stops from careful reading and casual conversation show greater acoustic variability in conversation, as previously noted. Despite the phonetic variability in acoustic signals, conversational Korean stops contrast with one another in three acoustic dimensions: intensity difference, VOT, and closure duration, allowing some cues to enhance the stop contrast in conversation. The findings point to manner-specific adjustments in spontaneous Korean stops and suggest that variability in conversational speech yields both phonetic reduction and enhancement. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • A Base Generation Approach to the Pro-form Replacement Leaving Remnants
    Sohn, Keunwon
    This paper deals with kulehkey replacement facts in Korean mit- type constructions, with a special focus on the seemingly remnant leaving replacement ... + READ MORE
    This paper deals with kulehkey replacement facts in Korean mit- type constructions, with a special focus on the seemingly remnant leaving replacement cases. It has been widely believed that no movement is possible out of the replacement site, but the relevant Korean construction seems to show otherwise. However, this paper claims that this apparent movement out of a replacement site does not involve real movement but can be explained in an alternative way. More precisely, it will be shown that the remnant phrase does not move to its surface position but is base-generated there and there is pro inside the replacement site. Ample sets of data supporting this view will be provided and the implications of this analysis will be discussed regarding the mit- type construction. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019
  • Diagnosing Sluicing Constructions in Korean: Sluicing, Cleft, or What?
    Choi, YoungSik
    This paper claims that sluicing constructions in Korean do not involve sluicing contra Takahashi (1993, 1994). It will furthermore be demonstrated that ... + READ MORE
    This paper claims that sluicing constructions in Korean do not involve sluicing contra Takahashi (1993, 1994). It will furthermore be demonstrated that sluicing constructions are not cleft constructions (Nishiyama, Whitman, and Yi 1996, and Park 2001 among others), using the diagnoses by Merchant (2001). It will be demonstrated that the two major arguments of the cleft approach for Korean sluicing constructions, namely, ‘parallels in case’ and ‘optional copula’ cannot be arguments for the cleft approach, which just follows from the present proposal of the non-elliptical wh-question for Korean sluicing constructions. It will also be demonstrated that the present proposal sufficiently deals with postposition stranding in Korean sluicing constructions for which the cleft approach fails. The current proposal has a nontrivial implication on the typology of sluicing constructions across languages: non-elliptical wh-question in addition to sluicing and cleft. - COLLAPSE
    February 2019