• Research Article

    Algebraic Properties of Conjunctive and Disjunctive DP Co-ordinations

    불대수적 의미론에서의 한국어 명사구의 연접과 이접 연결

    Kim, Ji-Eun

    김지은

    This paper focuses on studying the conjunctive and disjunctive coordination of DP phrases in Korean, primarily focusing on the conjunctive meaning derived ... + READ MORE
    This paper focuses on studying the conjunctive and disjunctive coordination of DP phrases in Korean, primarily focusing on the conjunctive meaning derived from DP disjunction phrases coordinated by -(i)na. Conjunction and disjunction are logical operators and when they are used in a natural language, they amount to a meet operator and a join operator respectively. This leads to an assumption that the domains they operate on form a boolean lattice structure, which instantly raises a question regarding the operators' function on the type individuals. Especially, the conjunction of type noun phrases is strongly associated with the issue of plurality and distributivity/collectivity. This paper adopts Winter (2001)'s boolean approach on conjunctive DP phrases, which forms a base for the discussion of the conjunctive meaning from -(i)na disjunction phrases. This paper proposes that -(i)na has only a collective conjunction phrase as its scalar competitor but not a distributive one, which leads to -(i)na phrases' prevalent generation of conjunctive meanings compared to other disjunctive items such as or in English. (University of Ulsan) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    Effects of Telephone English Conversations on the Complexity, Accuracy, Fluency of a Korean EFL Learner’s Utterances

    전화영어 수업이 한국인 영어 학습자 발화의 복잡성, 정확성, 유창성에 미치는 영향

    Seon, Hyun-Myung

    선현명

    This research aims to investigate the effects of telephone English conversation class as a medium, which provides adult Korean EFL learners with ... + READ MORE
    This research aims to investigate the effects of telephone English conversation class as a medium, which provides adult Korean EFL learners with one‒to‒one conversations with English native speakers. This research examines the effects of these conversations on the EFL learner’s speaking performance in terms of the CAF(Complexity, Accuracy, and Fluency). This is a case study about a Korean advanced EFL learner who participated in conversations with English native speakers through phone call for five months. The conversations between the teacher and the learner were transcribed and the changes in the learner’s utterances were quantitatively analyzed. The result showed that the degree of complexity and the fluency of the learner’s speaking increased during the period. The learner produced longer and more complex sentences with multiple clauses. Also, the learner made more utterances as a result of participating in more telephone English conversations. On the other hand, the degree of the accuracy of speaking has decreased and the accurate use of verb forms abided by tense and agreement rules showed no shift in terms of L2 language development. (University of Seoul) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    College EFL Students’ Perceptions of Vocabulary Learning with a Smartphone Application

    스마트폰 어휘앱 활용에 대한 대학생의 영어 어휘 학습 인식 연구

    Lee, Sunyoung, Koo, Yuson

    이선영, 구유선

    With their popularity and their ubiquitous nature, mobile wireless devices including smartphones offer great potential as a teaching and learning tool in ... + READ MORE
    With their popularity and their ubiquitous nature, mobile wireless devices including smartphones offer great potential as a teaching and learning tool in English education. The current paper aims at investigating the learners’ perceptions of the use of applications in learning English vocabulary. A total of 24 undergraduates in ‘Understanding of English Vocabulary’ class participated in the experiment. They used Quizlet as a mobile app on smartphones to learn vocabulary. At the end of the experiment, a vocabulary test, a questionnaire, and interviews were administered. The results indicated that participants, in general, showed positive attitudes towards vocabulary learning assisted by the mobile application. In particular, the high proficiency group demonstrated a more positive perception than the low proficiency group, in terms of the enjoyability and the learning impact. The paper concludes with pedagogical implications, focusing on the instructors’ roles to integrate mobile apps into college English classes. (Chungnam National University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    Comparison of Variables Influencing on Students’ Satisfaction about the Process of English Writing Conducted by English Native and Korean Instructors

    원어민 및 한국인 교수자에 따른 영어쓰기 과정의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 요인 비교

    Jung, Yang-soo

    정양수

    The purposes of this study are to identify what variables were involved and to compare if there are differences between these variables ... + READ MORE
    The purposes of this study are to identify what variables were involved and to compare if there are differences between these variables influencing on students’ satisfaction about the process of English writing conducted by native and Korean instructors. For these purposes, 98 Korean university students participated in a survey and interview. For data analysis, factor analysis, one-way ANOVA, and t-test were used. According to the results of this study, variables related to writing procedure, characteristics of students and instructors, types of feedback that instructors provided, and ways of providing feedback by instructors were identified to have an influence on the students’ satisfaction about the English writing process. Moreover, significant differences in the degrees of satisfaction that students rated on these variables were found between native and Korean instructors. These findings will be useful for instructors in planning the instructional design of English writing materials and courses by considering these variables carefully to increase the satisfaction that students feel about the English writing process. (Chungnam National University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    A Unified Analysis of Imperative Sentences in English: Adjacency Approach between Lexical Bearers of Imperative Features and Functional Locus of Imperative Features
    Cho, Keeseok, Kim, Sung-hun, Bae, Sang-hee
    This article aims to address imperative constructions in English and provide unified licensing conditions under the one of the most current minimalist ... + READ MORE
    This article aims to address imperative constructions in English and provide unified licensing conditions under the one of the most current minimalist frameworks. The licensing conditions put forth in this study will account for positive and negative imperative sentences in English regarding the physical linear adjacency requirement between the functional host of (emphatic) imperative features and the lexical bearers of imperative features as well as the economy principle that vacuous syntactic operations that do not produce syntactic or semantic effects should be prohibited. The alternative licensing conditions offered in this study are comprised of four options. These four options might be considered optimal hierarchical syntactic conditions in that they are applied in an orderly fashion. (Cyber Hankuk University of Foreign Studies · Dankook University · Dankook University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    The Interface between Perception and Production in L2 English Vowels
    Lee, Shinsook, Cho, Mi-Hui
    The study explores the interface between perception and production in L2 English vowels focusing on the precedence relationship and the correlation between ... + READ MORE
    The study explores the interface between perception and production in L2 English vowels focusing on the precedence relationship and the correlation between perception and production. To that end, 34 Korean EFL learners identified 12 English vowels presented in the bVt word structure and their productions of the same English vowels were identified by native English speakers. The results revealed that overall the precedence relationship of perception over production was attested but not across all the target vowels. The results also showed that similar error patterns were observed in perception and production for the same vowels. However, no correlation was found between perception and production, suggesting that L2 speech perception and production may not develop concurrently. The findings of the study are discussed in light of L2 learning, especially in light of the development of L2 perception and production skills. (Korea University · Kyonggi University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    English Island Constraints by Natives and Korean Non-natives
    Yong-hun Lee, Yeonkyung Park
    This paper examined how native English speakers (NS) and non-native Korean speakers (NNS) processed English island sentences differently, by taking an experimental ... + READ MORE
    This paper examined how native English speakers (NS) and non-native Korean speakers (NNS) processed English island sentences differently, by taking an experimental design and its statistical analysis. Sprouse et al. (2012) demonstrated that NS identified four types of island sentences (Whether, Complex NP, Subject, and Adjunct) in their language. Kim (2015), on the other hand, adopted the similar method and observed that Korean NNS did not identify two island constraints (Complex NP and Adjunct islands). This study performed similar experiments in previous studies but it adopted the magnitude estimation (ME) method, rather than the Likert scale. The target sentences came from Sprouse et al. (2012), and the same set of sentences were used for both American NS and Korean NNS. A total of 100 students participated in the experiment respectively, and the acceptability scores were gauged with the ME method. Then, the collected data were analyzed with a generalized linear model (GLM). Through the experiments, the followings were found: (i) Korean NNS identified all of the four types of island constraints in English and (ii) DD-scores of Korean NNS were smaller than those of American NS. (Chungnam National University · Hannam University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    Cultural Presupposition and Accommodation
    Padiernos, Maria Olive Gay, Lee, Sangcheol
    There are plenty of culture-bound words, phrases and utterances in a person’s language that is difficult (or almost impossible) to presuppose ... + READ MORE
    There are plenty of culture-bound words, phrases and utterances in a person’s language that is difficult (or almost impossible) to presuppose and accommodate, for the reason that they are unique only to the speakers of that particular language (i.e., not universally shared across languages and cultures). Therefore, the current study aims to shed light on cultural presuppositions, and on how accommodation takes place between languages. This study hopes to identify culture-specific presuppositions found in English and Filipino, discuss and elaborate the adjustments done by the participants in accommodating cultural presuppositions. Moreover, this study gives emphasis to the significance of the hearer’s willingness to accept the speaker’s cultural beliefs, background, values and systems without creating a fuss—or defying it—in order to build a common cultural ground and successfully accommodate cultural presuppositions. (Chungnam National University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    Wh-Licensing in Korean, Japanese, Chinese, and English
    Park, Myung-Kwan, Kwon, Junhyeok
    This paper compares wh-phrases-in-situ in Korean, Japanese, and Chinese with their overly-moved counterparts in English. Recently, Abe (2017) takes an Agree-based ... + READ MORE
    This paper compares wh-phrases-in-situ in Korean, Japanese, and Chinese with their overly-moved counterparts in English. Recently, Abe (2017) takes an Agree-based Minimal Search approach, while Saito (2017) takes a covert movement approach, revealing how wh-elements in Japanese associate with the corresponding Q-particles. On the other hand, it has been argued that, like those in English, wh-expressions in Chinese undergo phrasal movement to the Spec of CP to be adequately licensed (among others, see also Pan 2014). However, Chinese differs from English considering where wh-expressions are actually realized. In keeping with the recent proposals on wh-movement and interpretation in these languages, this paper uses three newly recruited diagnostics to show that Korean/Japanese argument wh-phrases undergo overt Agree-based licensing, but Chinese and English counterparts undergo overt phrasal movement, with the tail of the wh-chain realized in the former language but its head realized in the latter language. (Dongguk University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    Relation between Frequency and Processing Difficulty of English Relative Clauses by L2 Learners: A Learner Corpus Analysis
    Shin, Keun Young
    This paper explores whether frequency can play a role in accounting for difficulties in processing English relative clauses (RCs) by L2 learners ... + READ MORE
    This paper explores whether frequency can play a role in accounting for difficulties in processing English relative clauses (RCs) by L2 learners. Previous experimental studies showed that the processing difficulty of RCs in L2 is modulated by the syntactic function of the head noun and noun animacy. By analyzing a corpus of essays written by Korean adult learners of English, this paper shows that the distribution patterns of the RCs in the learner corpus are consistent with the experimental findings. Object-extracted RCs almost exclusively occur with inanimate head nouns, while subject-extracted RCs occur about two times more frequently with animate head nouns than inanimate head nouns. It is also found that the object-extracted RCs with inanimate head nouns often contain animate subjects and have the animacy configuration reflecting typical thematic structures of transitive clauses. The results of the corpus analysis provide support to frequency-based approaches for L2 processing, claiming that a higher frequency of a particular RC form makes it easier for L2 learners to acquire and process. (Chonnam National University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018
  • Research Article

    Production and Perception of F0 by Three-Year-Old Children
    Son Gayeon
    This study explores how young Korean children produce and perceive stop contrasts in the phonetic dimension of F0. The Korean spoken in ... + READ MORE
    This study explores how young Korean children produce and perceive stop contrasts in the phonetic dimension of F0. The Korean spoken in Seoul is undergoing tonogenetic sound change in which there has been a loss of VOT differentiation in young adults’ speech, while the role of fundamental frequency (F0) in enhancing Korean stop contrasts has been required. To investigate the interrelation between children’s production and perception of F0, the experiments were conducted on three-year-old children. Phonetic analysis showed that lenis and aspirated stops have no significant VOT differences, whereas a significant relationship with F0 was found. The results suggest that the acquisition of F0 plays a crucial role in the formation of phonemic categories for lenis and aspirated stops and this process significantly affects articulatory distinction. (Kwangwoon University) - COLLAPSE
    November 2018