• Research Article

    A Quantitative Analysis of the Frequencies of Basic Words in Korean and English

    한국어와 영어 기본 단어들의 빈도에 대한 계량적 분석

    Kim, Sun-Hoi

    김선회

    This study focuses on the frequencies of basic words in Korean and English. Their distributions were analyzed quantitatively to compare Korean and ... + READ MORE
    This study focuses on the frequencies of basic words in Korean and English. Their distributions were analyzed quantitatively to compare Korean and English. The correlation analysis shows that the inter-correlation between Korean and English is very high. It implies that the linguistic-cultural difference between these two languages rarely affects the use of basic words. The analysis of visualized frequency distributions shows that the frequencies of basic words exhibit heavy tailed distributions and seem to follow the power-law distribution in both languages. However, the quantitative analysis tells us that their frequency distributions do not follow the power-law distribution but the log-normal distribution. The result suggests that selecting probability distribution best fitted to frequency data should depend on well-established statistical procedures, but not only on visually inspecting of plotted distributions. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021
  • Research Article

    The Satisfaction and Preference Research of Non-face-to-face Education According to the Types and the Education’s Direction

    비대면 교육 유형별 만족도, 선호도 조사와 교육 방향

    Park, Kang-Hee

    박강희

    In this paper I research the learners’ satisfaction and preference about the non-face-to-face education according to the types, compare which type is ... + READ MORE
    In this paper I research the learners’ satisfaction and preference about the non-face-to-face education according to the types, compare which type is suitable to the learners and consider the education’s directions. Because the learners have week points to learn actively by self-directed learning method, these difficulties become more and more in the environment of online education. In this untact environment, among several types, I’d like to show which is the more effective type and which the learners like better. Also when I showed the untact class type simultaneously, we could get some different results. About these problems I’d like to research the learning time’s convenience, the repetitive learning’s convenience, the teaching contents’ quality, the school attendance. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021
  • Research Article

    A Study on the Perception of Reflection Structure and Teaching Method in Reflection Writing for University Students

    대학생의 성찰 구조 인식과 성찰 글쓰기 교수법 연구

    Park, Jiyoon

    박지윤

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the types of reflection structures that the university students perceive in reflection writing and ... + READ MORE
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the types of reflection structures that the university students perceive in reflection writing and to expand their reflection structure experiences to “self” → to “others” → to “social and world” through flipped learning teaching methods. With the rapid transition to the online educational environment in the post pandemic era, students must consider extending their reflection structure awareness in the online environment. The reflection structure is efficient to expand the reflection structure extensions in a way of sharing among students. To this end, flipped learning and application evernote was utilized. It is meaningful that the research mainly focused on research such as reflection writing teaching methods, necessity, and utility, analyzed the reflection structure recognized by the university students and expanded awareness through reflection structure sharing in an online education environment. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021
  • Research Article

    A Comparative Study on the Perceptions of Korean High School Students and Teachers for Asynchronous Online English Classes

    비실시간 온라인 영어 수업에 대한 고등학교 학생과 교사의 인식 비교 연구

    Lee, Sangmin and Jung, Yang-soo

    이상민, 정양수

    A Comparative Study on the Perceptions of Korean High School Students and Teachers about Asynchronous Online English Classes. The purpose of this ... + READ MORE
    A Comparative Study on the Perceptions of Korean High School Students and Teachers about Asynchronous Online English Classes. The purpose of this study is to compare the perceptions of students and teachers about the current online English teaching and learning since the outbreak of COVID-19. For this study, questionnaires have been used for 513 students and 10 teachers of a girls’ high school located in “D” city, South Korea. The results are as follows: First, there were no significant differences in student and teacher perceptions depending on the subcategories of online English learning. Second, both groups showed the average level of satisfaction with online English classes. Third, both groups showed the necessity for encouraging interaction among class participants. Considering the results above, interaction among class participants should be encouraged by either implementing synchronous mode of class or any other way. This research was based solely on the asynchronous mode of online education with class video contents, so it was not able to comprise other varieties of online learning. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021
  • Research Article

    The Effect of Lectures’ Communication Style on Learner Motivation and Satisfaction in Online Instruction at the College Level

    비대면 대학 교양영어 수업에서 교수자의 커뮤니케이션 스타일이 학습자의 학습동기와 수업만족에 미치는 영향

    Lee, Kang Ho, Lee, Goun and Shin, Dong-Jin

    이강호, 이고운, 신동진

    The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of student motivation on learning satisfaction in the online learning environment ... + READ MORE
    The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of student motivation on learning satisfaction in the online learning environment. We collected and analyzed questionnaires targeting 200 university students who attended online English classes following the COVID-19 pandemic, which began in 2019. The findings are as flows. First, the intellectual motivation of the learners was impacted in the order of the control type and the professional type. Second, the learners’ skills acquisition motivation was impacted by the control type and the professional type. Third, the learners’ social motivation was impacted by the control type and the professional type. Fourth, the impact of the English professors’ communication styles on the learners’ motivation to avoid stimuli in the contactless situation was not confirmed. Fifth, as a result of examining and validating the impact of the English professors’ communication styles on the students’ satisfaction with the class in the contactless situation, the learners’ satisfaction with the class was impacted in the order of the control type, professional type, and the cooperative type. In this connection, in this study, it is uncertain whether the COVID-19 crisis will be terminated over a short period of time moving forward, but is also expected that the discussions of the contactless classes for school education will continue even after of the COVID-19 crisis. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021
  • Research Article

    Asymmetric Effects of Pronouns on L2 Acquisition of Raising
    Choe, Jinsun
    This study investigates Korean-speaking learners’ comprehension of raising constructions containing an experiencer phrase. Specifically, it examines whether the type of the intervening ... + READ MORE
    This study investigates Korean-speaking learners’ comprehension of raising constructions containing an experiencer phrase. Specifically, it examines whether the type of the intervening experiencer (pronoun, lexical NP) produces a similar asymmetric effect on L2 learners’ comprehension as it does on children’s. A picture-based truth-value judgment task was conducted with one hundred Korean-speaking adults to test the comprehension of different patterns of raising constructions. The results found that the learners’ comprehension was better when a lexical NP is raised across a pronominal experiencer (e.g., John seems to her to be happy), compared to a pronoun raised across a lexical NP (e.g., He seems to Mary to be happy). These findings parallel the pattern of raising in child English and are consistent with a processing-based approach to intervention effects observed in both L1 and L2 acquisition across different constructions. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021
  • Research Article

    Euphemism in English and Uzbek: Relevance-Theoretic Perspective
    Hazirdinov, Ihtiyorjon and Lee, Sangcheol
    Obeying the rules of politeness in all languages is a major contributing factor to speaking favorably. It has been the safest and ... + READ MORE
    Obeying the rules of politeness in all languages is a major contributing factor to speaking favorably. It has been the safest and the most effective way to achieve a successful communication for ages. Being accepted as a way of speaking with humble and agreeable words, euphemisms are used in discourse instead of harsh or unpleasant words. They are mainly used to replace languages of many unpleasant topics, like sex, pregnancy, politics, WC, death, disability and many more. What is more, dealing with impolite subjects and seeking alternatives to bitter terms are very similar. Using Relevance theory to study euphemisms helps to understand how speakers develop new euphemisms and also helps to compare and contrast euphemisms for the same topic in English and Uzbek. - COLLAPSE
    August 2021